Orthopaedics and Trauma

Orthopaedics and Trauma

Best Joint replacement surgeons from RPS diagnose and treat conditions of the musculoskeletal system including bones and joints and structures that enable movement such as ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.It encompasses a spectrum of injuries, from simple hairline fractures to life-threatening accidents. While there are many different types of traumatic orthopaedic injuries, the goal of surgeons who specialize in this area is the same – to restore the function of the injured body part(s) as quickly and effectively as possible.

The primary role of the orthopedic trauma doctor is to treat broken bones, as well as issues with soft tissues and joints, in the wake of an accident or a traumatic injury. This includes anatomic realignment of the joint structures, which is vital for a full recovery.

Trauma surgeons (also called critical care and acute care surgeons) from the best orthopedic hospital in Chennai specialize in performing emergency surgeries on patients who have suffered a critical injury or illness.. Trauma surgery requires extensive knowledge of surgical procedures and how to manage different types of injuries.

ACL reconstruction

Anterior cruciate ligament surgery involves repairing or reconstructing the ligament (ACL).

The ACL, which joins the femur and tibia, is a crucial soft tissue component of the knee.

ACL tears, whether partial or full, are a frequent occurrence among athletes. Complete ACL injuries are typically treated with an ACL reconstruction operation by sports medicine doctors, joint replacement surgeons and orthopedic surgeons, in which the torn ligament is replaced with a tissue graft to imitate the original ACL.

Physiatrists, sports medicine doctors, orthopaedic surgeons, as well as experts in radiography and rehabilitation, work together to establish the best course of action for each patient for treating ACL injuries.

Doctors and scientists also continuously research ACL surgery methods to enhance patients’ short- and long-term outcomes because those who have had an ACL injury are more likely to experience osteoarthritis in the knee sooner in life than those who have not.

Ankle surgery

Ankle disorders that cannot be treated with treatment and medicine, such as tendinitis, arthritis, and shattered bones, may require surgery.

If the bones in the ankle are unstable and require additional support to mend, surgery for an ankle fracture is performed.

When the ankle is stable and the shattered bone is not misaligned, milder fractures may not require surgical correction.

Different ankle surgeries cure various ailments and illnesses that affect your ankle.

  • Ankle issues like a fractured ankle may require surgery.

the painful and immobile arthritis.
persistent ankle instability brought on by numerous sprains or other factors.
Ankle malformation
ankle tendonitis or synovitis that is persistent

Ankle-brachial index

An easy, non-invasive approach to check for peripheral artery disease is the ankle-brachial index test (PAD).

The condition develops when your limbs receive less blood due to constricted arteries.

Walking with leg pain is a common symptom of PAD, which also raises the risk of heart attack and stroke.

By comparing your ankle and arm blood pressure readings, the ankle-brachial index test allows you to determine your overall blood pressure.

The arteries in your legs may be narrowed or blocked if your ankle-brachial index is low.


Joint disorders are diagnosed and treated via arthroscopy.

A buttonhole-sized incision is made by the best joint replacement surgeon, and a narrow tube connected to a fiber-optic video camera is inserted through it. A high-definition video monitor receives the view from inside your joint. In comparison to open surgery, arthroscopic surgery typically causes less joint discomfort and stiffness. Additionally, recovery typically happens faster.

Rare complications do occur.

Deviated septum surgery (Septoplasty)

Surgery called a septoplasty is used to align the bone and cartilage that separate your two nostrils (septum).

A deviated septum is one in which the septum is crooked. Due to inadequate drainage, a deviated septum can make it more difficult to breathe through your nose and increase your risk of developing sinus infections.

Your nasal septum is moved to the middle of your nose during a septoplasty. Your surgeon may need to cut and remove a portion of your nasal septum in order to properly reposition it. You’ll probably discover that breathing is easier once a septoplasty heals.

Your nasal tissues will be comparatively stable three to six months after surgery.

It’s still possible that cartilage and tissue will eventually change shape or move in different ways. After surgery, some alterations may continue for a year or longer.

Most people discover that septoplasty alleviates the problems brought on by a deviated septum, such as breathing difficulties. With septoplasty, different people can expect different levels of improvement.


A herniated disc, also known as a slipped, ruptured, bulging, or protruding disc, or disc prolapse, puts pressure on a spinal nerve; this pressure is relieved by performing a diskectomy.

When a portion of the disk’s softer interior material pushes through a tear in its outer lining, the result is a herniated disc.

A medical professional might advise diskectomy if:

  • Having weak nerves makes it difficult to stand or walk
  • After 6 to 12 weeks, conservative treatment—such as physical therapy or steroid injections—fails to alleviate symptoms
  • When the pain spreads to the chest, arms, legs, or buttocks, it becomes unbearable.

Most persons with herniated disc symptoms who also have obvious indicators of a compressed nerve, such as discomfort that radiates down the legs, benefit from diskectomy.

Because a diskectomy does not treat the underlying condition that caused the disc to become damaged or herniated in the first place, the relief it provides might not be long-lasting.

Achieving and maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, engaging in low-impact physical activity, and avoiding repetitive bending, twisting, or lifting motions may all assist prevent re-injury to the spine.

Elbow arthroplasty (Elbow replacement surgery)

To relieve pain and regain motion in a damaged elbow, surgeons perform elbow replacement surgery, also known as total elbow arthroplasty.

A joint replacement surgeon replaces your elbow joint with an artificial joint during this procedure. Not every elbow replacement operation involves the entire elbow.

Some patients just have a portion of the joint replaced, such as the radial head (the knobby head of the radius bone where it meets the elbow).

Many people report an improvement in quality of life following elbow replacement surgery.

You may be able to resume your favourite activities once the discomfort is reduced.

The humerus, ulna, and radius are the three bones that are joined at the elbow. These bones are covered with a unique structure known as cartilage where the ends of the bones meet. The bones can slide past one another more easily thanks to the cartilage.

Joint stiffness, oedema, and chronic (long-term) pain can all result from damage to the bones or cartilage.

Hip replacement

A surgeon replaces the damaged hip joint parts with new ones that are typically made of metal, ceramic, or very hard plastic during hip replacement surgery.

This prosthetic joint (artificial joint) aids in pain relief and improved function.

Hip replacement surgery, also known as total hip arthroplasty, may be an option if hip pain prevents you from going about your regular business and nonsurgical treatments haven’t worked or are no longer efficient.

Damage from arthritis is the most frequent cause of hip replacement. Individuals recover from hip replacements differently, although three months following surgery, the majority of patients are in good health.

Typically, over the first year following surgery, improvements continue. The replacement hip joint might improve range of motion and lessen pain.

However, do not anticipate being able to perform all of your previous activities without pain. Running or playing basketball are two high-impact sports that could put too much stress on an artificial joint. However, most people can eventually engage in lower-impact sports like cycling, golfing, and swimming.

Jaw surgery

Orthognathic surgery, sometimes referred to as jaw surgery, realigns the jaws and teeth to improve function by correcting misalignments of the jaw bones.

Your facial look might also be improved by making these adjustments. If you have jaw issues that orthodontics cannot treat, jaw surgery may be a possibility for you. Most often, you also wear braces on your teeth prior to surgery and throughout your recovery period following surgery until full healing and alignment.

Your orthodontist can collaborate with your oral, maxillofacial, and jaw surgeon to develop your treatment strategy.

Jaw surgery is necessary once growth ceases, which typically occurs between the ages of 14 and 16 for girls and 17 and 21 for males.

After surgery, the jaw usually heals for the first time in around six weeks, but full recovery can take up to 12 weeks. Your orthodontist completes straightening your teeth with braces when your jaw has had time to heal, which takes around six weeks.

It could take several years to complete the entire orthodontic procedure, including surgery and braces. Retainers can be worn to maintain tooth position after braces are taken off.

Shoulder arthroplasty (Shoulder replacement surgery)

In a shoulder replacement, the damaged bone is removed and replaced with plastic and metal components (implants).

The procedure is known as a shoulder arthroplasty. It has a ball and socket joint at the shoulder.

The shallow socket in the shoulder accommodates the upper arm bone’s spherical head (ball). Joint damage can result in pain, weakness, and stiffness. Several various shapes and sizes of shoulder implants are available.

Partial and total replacement options employing anatomic or reverse implants are available.

Most people have less discomfort after a shoulder replacement than they did before.

Many people do not experience pain.

Strength and range of motion are often both better.

Spinal cord injury rehabilitation

Injury to the spinal cord from the foramen magnum to the cauda equina known as a spinal cord injury (SCI) can originate through coercion, incision, or trauma.

Traffic accidents, gunshot wounds, knife wounds, falls, and sports injuries are the most frequent causes of SCI worldwide.

Functional status and both the degree and incompleteness of the injury, as well as their respective levels, are strongly correlated. The effects of SCI include numerous consequences from the injury in addition to loss of independence and physical ability.

You’ll require spinal cord injury rehabilitation following a spinal cord injury to maximise recovery and possibly accommodate for a new way of life.

Spinal cord injury rehabilitation team works with you and your family to:

  • Meet your ongoing needs
  • Provide emotional support
  • Improve your physical, mental and emotional functioning
  • Provide spinal cord injury-specific education and resources
  • Help you successfully re-enter your community.

Knee osteotomy

If only one part of your knee is affected by arthritis, your doctor may advise a surgical surgery called a knee osteotomy.

If your leg is bowed or knock-kneed, osteotomy may also be done in conjunction with other knee procedures, such as cartilage surgery.

To assist take the weight off the injured area of your knee joint, a bone wedge is either removed from or added to your tibia or femur during the treatment.

The majority of knee osteotomies are done on active individuals under the age of 60.

A total knee replacement is frequently required about 10 to 15 years following a knee osteotomy in a large number of persons who get this treatment for arthritis


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RPS Hospital is one of the best orthopedic hospitals in Chennai offering a variety of orthopedic trauma treatment options. Find out more about our orthopedic trauma services at RPS hospital